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Fullerenol Nanoparticles Decrease Blood-Brain Barrier Interruption and Brain Edema during Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Probably by Reduction of Interleukin-6 and Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Tra

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Background:#nbsp;The present study aimed to examine the protective role of fullerenol nanoparticles against blood-brain barrier (BBB) interruption and brain edema during cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury probably by reduction of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) transcription.

Methods:#nbsp;The male Wistar rats (weighting 280-320 g) were randomly assigned into four groups as follows: sham, control ischemic, pretreated ischemic, and posttreated ischemic groups. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury was performed by occlusion of middle cerebral artery (MCA) for 90 minutes followed by twenty-four hours reperfusion. Rats were administered fullerenol 5mg/kg, intraperitoneally, 30 minutes before induction of IR in pretreated ischemic group and immediately after termination of MCA occlusion in posttreated ischemic group. After twenty-four hours reperfusion, the method of Evans blue dye extravasation (EBE) and RT-PCR were used for determination of BBB permeability and mRNA expression levels of MMP-9 and IL-6, respectively. Neuronal deficit score (NDS) and edema of the ischemic hemispheres were also evaluated.

Results:#nbsp;MCA occlusion increased NDS in control ischemic rats (3.16 ± 0.16) with concomitant increase in EBE (15.30 ± 3.98µg/g) and edema (3.53 ± 0.50%). Fullerenol in both pretreated and posttreated ischemic groups reduced NDS (36% and 68%, respectively), EBE (89% and 91%, respectively) and edema (53% and 81%, respectively). Although MCA occlusion increased the mRNA expression levels of MMP-9 and IL-6 in ischemic hemispheres, fullerenol in both treatment groups noticeably decreased the mRNA expression levels of these genes.

Conclusion:#nbsp;In conclusion, fullerenol nanoparticles can protect BBB integrity and attenuate brain edema after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury possibly by reduction of IL-6 and MMP-9 transcription.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30093209/

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