Effect of fullerenol C(60)(OH) (24) on lipid peroxidation of kidneys, testes and lungs in rats treated with doxorubicine
The aim of this study is to investigate the protective effect of fullerenol C₆₀(OH)₂₄ in various doses, on lipid peroxidation of rat's kidneys, testes and lungs after application of doxorubicin. The experiment was performed on healthy male Wistar rats. The animals were randomly divided into five experimental groups and treated with saline (0.9 % NaCl i.v.), doxorubicin alone (10 mg/kg i.v.), combination of doxorubicin/fullerenol (50 and 100 mg/kg fullerenol, respectively, 30 min before the introduction of doxorubicin) and fullerenol alone (100 mg/kg), respectively. Animals were killed on the 2nd and 14th day after treatment. Products of lipid peroxidation and thiobarbituric acid are determined spectrophotometrically from the crude homogenate fraction of the kidney, testis and lung tissues of the rats. Fullerenol, applied as a pre-treatment of doxorubicin, significantly reduced or completely prevented the appearance of doxorubicin toxicity in kidneys and testes, in both tested doses. A dose of 100 mg/kg i.p. exhibited a better protective effect. When fullerenol was applied alone, at a dose of 100 mg/kg i.p, it did not significantly affect the intensity of lipid peroxidation in all tested organs.